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Association Between EBV Reactivation and Development of Long-COVID Fatigue

About

Status:
Completed
Principal investigator:
Country:
Austria
Study start:
Not available
Completion (planned):
Not available
Last update:
2023-11-30

 

Research types:
Basic research
Research areas:
Infections
Interventions:
Not applicable
Priv. Sector Partner:
Not available
Sponsors:

Project description

The ongoing SARS-CoV-2 pandemic constitutes a major health concern worldwide. As of September 2022, over 600 million cases were reported with over 6.47 million SARS-CoV-2-related fatalities (WHO Dashboard, September 2nd, 2022). Most ongoing studies and clinical trials focus on disease prevention and treatment of acute COVID-19. However, 1-10% of previously SARS-CoV-2 positive patients develop sequelae, termed Long-COVID. Independent of the severity of acute COVID-19, symptoms often include a debilitating fatigue, post-exertional malaise, neurocognitive disorders as well as immune dysfunctions. Long-COVID fatigue partially overlaps with ME/CFS. Also, it is suggested that Long-COVID fatigue might evolve into ME/CFS.

The investigators aim to translate their expertise in ME/CFS research in a Long-COVID pilot project to facilitate knowledge transfer. Their study focuses on the activity of Epstein-Barr-Virus (EBV) in Long-COVID patients. The human herpes virus has been previously suggested to be involved in the onset of ME/CFS. Thus, the investigators hypothesise EBV reactivation to be associated with the onset of post-viral fatigue after SARS-Cov-2 infection. In their prospective study 30 Long-COVID patients and 20 convalescent COVID-19 patients were recruited. Plasma, stool and throat washing samples were collected at least 10 weeks after the COVID-19 acute phase.

Data curation and analysis is performed at the Institute of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research, Medical University of Vienna. The population of ME/CFS patients will increase and will include young adults, who experienced an asymptomatic disease course and are not aware of their infection. Data generated in this project will support medical care of currently ME/CFS affected patients, while also provide disease prevention strategies for future post-viral fatigue patients.

(Description adapted from project website: see link above)

Patient cohort

Post-COVID Syndrome (PCS) according to WHO with Post-Exertional Malaise (PEM), persistent fatigue, autonomic dysfunction and/or orthostatic intolerance.

Patients enrolled: 50

Age group: 22 - 48 years (Adults)

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Research types (1)
Research networks (0)
Working groups (2)
People (10)
Publications (1)
Organisations (1)